GRAMMAR TIP:What Are Prepositions and Conjunctions?
In grammar, a preposition is a part of speech that introduces a prepositional phrase or combines with a noun to form a phrase. For example, in the sentence "The cat sleeps on the sofa", the word "on" is a preposition, introducing the prepositional phrase "on the sofa". In English, the most used prepositions are "of", "to", "in", "for", "with" and "on". Simply put, a preposition indicates a relation between things mentioned in a sentence. Another simpler term, a preposition is a prior explanation, typically found before a noun, pronoun, or substantives, that explains the noun, pronoun, or substantive. Examples would be beneath, between, under, above, below, upon, atop, into, onto, within, without, or across. (The princess found the pea 'underneath' her mattress.)
A conjunction (abbreviated conj or cnj) is a part of speech that connects two words, sentences, phrases or clauses together. A discourse connective is a conjunction joining sentences. This definition may overlap with that of other parts of speech, so what constitutes a "conjunction" should be defined for each language. In general, a conjunction is an invariable grammatical particle, and it may or may not stand between the items it conjoins. The definition can also be extended to idiomatic phrases that behave as a unit with the same function as a single-word conjunction (as well as, provided that, etc.). Many students are taught that certain conjunctionssuch as "and", "but", and "so"should not begin sentences, although this belief has "no historical or grammatical foundation". Coordinating conjunctions, also called coordinators, are conjunctions that join two or more items of equal syntactic importance, such as words, main clauses, or sentences.
Prepositions and conjunctions need to be practiced thoroughly. Teachers often spend a lot of time creating practice exercises which results in there being 391 worksheets and activities listed here; more are added regularly. Lets take a look at one of these worksheets to give you an idea of what Busy Teacher has to offer. For an adorable coloring and preposition of place worksheet look no further. This was designed for young beginners; you can use it to review colors and practice using prepositions of place. The sentences in the beginning might be a little challenging depending on the age level you are teaching; if you think that your students will have difficulty understanding them, direct them through the coloring portion of the worksheet as a class before having them look at the sentences. There are a lot of highly rated worksheets in this section so if you do not find what you are looking for in the first worksheet you see, consider an alternative and look at several others before making a decision.
By learning more complex sentence structures, students are going to be able to include more information in their sentences. Most English language learners can string together a noun, a verb, and some other vocabulary words and still get their basic point across. To increase fluency, students have to be able to use prepositions and conjunctions correctly. By conducting practice exercises in your classroom, you can assess what your students are struggling with and focus on helping them improve in those areas.