1. Alliteration is the repetition of a beginning sound to create a certain effect. They may be vowel or consonant sounds. Alliterations appear on only a few words in a poem to highlight or emphasize something. 2. Assonance - the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words. 3. Onomatopoeia- these are words which sound like the action they describe. Can be used as a teaching tool for figurative language or a study guide.