How To Teach "R" and "L" Sounds

How To Teach "R" and "L" Sounds

How To Teach

How To Teach R and L

  1. 1

    I begin by demonstrating the difference between the two sounds. First I introduce the ‘r’ sound. I make a growling noise like a dog and point to the letter r that I have written on the board. All my students are Japanese and familiar with the problem in imitating this sound. I ask the students to copy me and show them the sound comes from within the throat with the tongue back. Facial expression like a dog for emphasis and ‘fun.’

  2. 2

    Next the ‘l’ sound. This is a high la la la sound. Tongue to the front and touching the front teeth and rising into the roof of the mouth. Pointing to the letter l on the board I ask the students to repeat. I swap from l to r and back asking the students to copy and checking pronunciation. I point upwards to emphasize the rising l sound.

  3. 3

    The drill phase. Practicing minimal pairs of words written on the board e.g. frame/flame; crime/climb; right/light etc. Drill again.

  4. 4

    Then practicing the target sounds in phrases and short sentences. Window frame; hot flame; Police! It’s a crime; climb the hill; turn right; turn on the light. These examples are illustrated by miming actions and students read from prepared handouts.

  5. 5

    The checking phase. I target sounds and students say which word they hear by saying R or L sound. Crown/lip/lake/clown/rip/rake/lap/rap etc. I repeat after the students make their first choice pointing at the tongue’s position i.e. throat or teeth/roof of mouth and miming the words.

  6. 6

    Finally demonstration by way of a communication activity. The students try to make as many fun sentences as they can with the R and L words already practiced. I pre-teach with a few examples on the board. “I met a clown wearing a crown. He was near a lake holding a rake.

Want more tips like this?
How to Teach Pronunciation Like A Pro
All of the activities and tips you need to make one of the most difficult areas of learning English significantly less problematic for your students.
YES, show me sample pages ›
30-day money back guarantee 100% secure

Enjoyed this article and learned something? Click the buttons below to share it!

Rate this article:
was this article helpful?
rated by 3 teachers
Get the Entire BusyTeacher Library for Only $99.99!

Related Categories

Make A Word Search:

Make your own awesome-looking custom word search puzzles in seconds!

Make A Word Scramble:

Instantly create custom word/sentence scrambles for your class!

Make A Double Puzzle:

Generate double puzzles your students will love - hours of fun!

Need a break from teaching? We all do sometimes. Click here to visit our sister site with free 5-min personality tests. The results may surprise you!

You're in good company - join 347,916 subscribers

Sign up for our weekly newsletter to receive direct links to the latest worksheets, exclusive ESL articles, and be the first to know about sales and discounts!

Trending Articles right now: