How To Teach "R" and "L" Sounds
How To Teach

How To Teach "R" and "L" Sounds

Andrei Zakhareuski
35,178 views
by Andrei Zakhareuski

How To Teach R and L

  1. 1

    I begin by demonstrating the difference between the two sounds. First I introduce the ‘r’ sound. I make a growling noise like a dog and point to the letter r that I have written on the board. All my students are Japanese and familiar with the problem in imitating this sound. I ask the students to copy me and show them the sound comes from within the throat with the tongue back. Facial expression like a dog for emphasis and ‘fun.’

  2. 2

    Next the ‘l’ sound. This is a high la la la sound. Tongue to the front and touching the front teeth and rising into the roof of the mouth. Pointing to the letter l on the board I ask the students to repeat. I swap from l to r and back asking the students to copy and checking pronunciation. I point upwards to emphasize the rising l sound.

  3. 3

    The drill phase. Practicing minimal pairs of words written on the board e.g. frame/flame; crime/climb; right/light etc. Drill again.

  4. 4

    Then practicing the target sounds in phrases and short sentences. Window frame; hot flame; Police! It’s a crime; climb the hill; turn right; turn on the light. These examples are illustrated by miming actions and students read from prepared handouts.

  5. 5

    The checking phase. I target sounds and students say which word they hear by saying R or L sound. Crown/lip/lake/clown/rip/rake/lap/rap etc. I repeat after the students make their first choice pointing at the tongue’s position i.e. throat or teeth/roof of mouth and miming the words.

  6. 6

    Finally demonstration by way of a communication activity. The students try to make as many fun sentences as they can with the R and L words already practiced. I pre-teach with a few examples on the board. “I met a clown wearing a crown. He was near a lake holding a rake.

Enjoyed this article and learned something? Please share it!

Entire BusyTeacher Library
Dramatically improve the way you teach:
Get the Entire BusyTeacher Library
Includes the best of BusyTeacher: all 80 of our PDF e-books. 4,036 pages filled with thousands of practical activities and tips that you can start using today. Instant download, 30-day money back guarantee.
Get it now and start reading in 3 minutes!
Rate this article:
was this article helpful?
rated by 4 teachers

Popular articles like this

Mind Your Ps and Qs
Teaching Pronunciation at the Segmental Level

0 8,542 0

How To Teach Pronunciation
3 Essential Elements

0 57,013 0

7 Worst Pronunciation Mistakes ESL Students Make Around the World

0 60,638 0

Get Twisted
How and Why to Use Tongue Twisters for Pronunciation

0 11,260 0

Top 10 Ways to Teach Vowel Pronunciation in English

0 194,470 0

Rice or Lice? 7 Tips for Teaching Pronunciation and the IPA

0 7,926 0