Teaching The Pronunciation of C and G

Teaching The Pronunciation of C and G

LaurieGardner
by LaurieGardner 3,712 views

In English, there are letters that represent more than just one sound. Two  examples of this are the letters C and G. Both of these letters represent two  sounds that can be referred to as hard and soft.

 

         Letter                  Hard Sound                  Soft Sound       
C /k/ /s/
G /g/ /d3/

 

 

Because of the fact that these letters can be pronounced differently, here are  some pronunciation rules to help teach your students when to use what sound. 
The basic rules can be explained as followed: 
If C/G is followed by A, O, or U, then it makes the hard sound. 
If C/G is followed by E, L, or Y, then it makes the soft sound.  
Here are some examples of each rule: 
C + A → candy, cake, arcade 
G + A → game, gap, gate 
Because of the fact that these letters can be pronounced differently, here are  some pronunciation rules to help teach your students when to use what sound. 
The basic rules can be explained as followed: 

If C/G is followed by A, O, or U, then it makes the hard sound. 
If C/G is followed by E, L, or Y, then it makes the soft sound.  

Here are some examples of each rule: 
C + A → candy, cake, arcade 
G + A → game, gap, gate 
C + O → con, cop, become 
G + O → got, gone, good 
C + U → cuddle, cube, cub 
G + U → guy, gulp, guilty 
C + E → cell, celebrate, center 
G + E → gem, angel, gentle 
C + I → circle, cinnamon, decide 
G + I → ginger, giant, engine 
C + Y → cyber, recycle, bicycle 
G + Y → gym, apology, gypsy 

Here are some great resources from BusyTeacher.org to help you with teaching this: 

 

P.S. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. And if you are interested in more, you should follow our Facebook page where we share more about creative, non-boring ways to teach English.

Like us!
Entire BusyTeacher Library
Get the Entire BusyTeacher Library:
Dramatically Improve the Way You Teach
Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. Includes the best of BusyTeacher: all 80 of our PDF e-books. That's 4,036 pages filled with thousands of practical activities and tips that you can start using today. 30-day money back guarantee.
Learn more

Popular articles like this

Classroom Management Mantra
Poster

0 86,306 0

How To Praise Your ESL Students
The Magic of Verbal Praise

0 58,131 0

What You Can Do with Alphabet Cards – 7 Creative ESL Activities

0 75,084 0

How to Do a Comprehensive Review of Verb Tenses for Intermediate ESL Students

0 102,251 0

ESL Teachers Ask
What Are Some Ways to Improve Student Questions?

0 6,111 0

Let’s Go ‘Camping’
5 Steps for Camp Planning

0 9,033 0